Canada’s Provinces and Territories

Once upon a time before Canada was a country, Ontario and Quebec used to be one giant province known as the “Province of Canada” and was a British colony. It was divided in 1867 when Canada declared independence from Great Britain. Today, Canada is the second largest country in the world, with 10 provinces and 3 territories. Each province has its own flag, rules and regulations… and feel like independent nations. The provinces are listed in the order of which they joined Canada.

PROVINCES

Ontario (ON) – Canada’s economic engine and most popular province. The richest province in Canada, attracts a lot of foreigners, business and investment.

  • Population: 14,566,547
  • Capital city: Toronto
  • Largest city: Toronto
  • Official languages: English
  • Date Joined Canada: July 1, 1867
  • Motto: Motto(s): Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin)
    (“Loyal she began, loyal she remains”)

Quebec (QC) – Canada’s French province with a very rich heritage. The largest province in Canada.

  • Population: 8,484,965
  • Capital city: Quebec City
  • Largest city: Montreal
  • Official languages: French
  • Date Joined Canada: July 1, 1867
  • Motto: Motto(s): Je me souviens (French)
    (“I remember”)

Nova Scotia (NS) – Small province but with a strong and growing economy and population. Made famous in part by one of Canada’s largest bank “The Bank of Nova Scotia (Scotiabank)”.

  • Population: 971,395
  • Capital city: Halifax
  • Largest city: Halifax
  • Official languages: English
  • Date Joined Canada: July 1, 1867
  • Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit
    (“One defends and the other conquers”)

New Brunswick (NB) – One of Canada’s smallest provinces, but full of history.

  • Population: 776,827
  • Capital city: Fredericton
  • Largest city: Moncton
  • Official languages: English & French
  • Date Joined Canada: July 1, 1867
  • Motto: Spem reduxit[1]
    (“Hope restored”)

Manitoba (MB) – Ontario’s neighbour, a quiet province that just goes about its business.

  • Population: 1,369,465
  • Capital city: Winnipeg
  • Largest city: Winnipeg
  • Official languages: English
  • Date Joined Canada: July 15, 1870
  • Motto: Gloriosus et Liber
    “Glorious and free”

British Columbia (BC) – Canada’s most “naturally beautiful province” and has the best weather. The province has the largest Asian population and one of the best cities in the world; Vancouver.

  • Population: 5,071,336
  • Capital city: Victoria (soon it will be Vancouver)
  • Largest city: Vancouver
  • Official languages: English
  • Date Joined Canada: July 20, 1871
  • Motto: Splendor sine occasu
    (English: Splendour without diminishment)

Prince Edward Island (PE) – The smallest province in Canada and one of the most historic.

  • Population: 156,947
  • Capital city: Charlottetown
  • Largest city: Charlottetown
  • Official languages: English
  • Date Joined Canada: July 1, 1873
  • Motto: Parva sub ingenti
    (The small protected by the great)

Saskatchewan (SK) – Often referred to as “the heart” of Canada due to its location, Saskatchewan is great place to live if want quiet and peace.

  • Population: 1,174,462
  • Capital city: Regina
  • Largest city: Saskatoon
  • Official languages: English
  • Date Joined Canada: September 1, 1905
  • Motto: Multis e Gentibus Vires
    (“Strength from Many Peoples”)

Alberta (AB) – Canada’s “wild wild west”, Alberta is one of Canada’s best and richest provinces. The oil capital of Canada.

  • Population: 4,371,316
  • Capital city: Edmonton
  • Largest city: Calgary
  • Official languages: English
  • Date Joined Canada: September 1, 1905
  • Motto: Fortis et liber
    (“Strong and free”)

Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) – It is the second smallest province in Canada but very beautiful and has a lot to offer. Rich in history.

  • Population: 521,542
  • Capital city: St. John’s
  • Largest city: St. John’s
  • Official languages: English
  • Date Joined Canada: March 31, 1949
  • Motto: Quaerite prime regnum Dei (Latin)
    “Seek ye first the kingdom of God”

TERRITORIES

Northwest Territories (NT) – The second largest Territory – upper north of Canada.

  • Population: 44,826
  • Capital city: Yellowknife
  • Largest city: Yellowknife
  • Official languages: English, French, Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tłı̨chǫ
  • Date Joined Canada: July 15, 1870
  • Motto: None

Yukon (YT) – A beautiful territory made famous by all the gold rush – upper north.

  • Population: 40,854
  • Capital city: Whitehorse
  • Largest city: Whitehorse
  • Official languages: English, French
  • Date Joined Canada: June 13, 1898
  • Motto: None

Nunavut (NU) – The largest territory in Canada – upper north, beware… it is cold.

  • Population: 38,780
  • Capital city: Iqaluit
  • Largest city: Iqaluit
  • Official languages: English, French, Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun
  • Date Joined Canada: April 1, 1999
  • Motto: Quaerite prime regnum Dei (Latin)
    “Seek ye first the kingdom of God”
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