This category contains all the best articles that we have to offer on this site, a little bit of everything from other categories into one.

Before And After Photos of Canada

Even though Canada is a young nation compared to our European friends and others, Canada has come a long way as a nation. Take a journey back in time too see what Canada looked like back then and what Canada looks like now. It is truly astonishing and we hope you are as amazed as we are. We look forward to how Canada is going to look like in the next 100 years.

Calgary Before

This 1920s image of Calgary shows that the city was already an important business centre. The Centre Street Bridge, which had only opened a few years earlier (1916) was a vital link across the Bow River.

Calgary Now

While Calgary, one of Canada’s most beautiful cities, has grown to a city of well over a million people and sports this stunning skyline, you’ll still find the Centre Street Bridge carrying traffic over the Bow River.

Edmonton Before

In 1896, Edmonton’s Jasper Avenue didn’t have much of a traffic problem, just a few horses and carriages. It must have been slow going on the dirt track in wet weather.

Edmonton Now

With modern times comes traffic and, of course, buildings. Lots and lots of buildings and not a horse to be seen. Edmonton is also one of the most expensive places to live in 2019 in Canada.

Winnipeg Before

Even if you’re not from Winnipeg, you know that the intersection of Portage and Main is the city’s ground zero. In 1871, it was an important crossroads for traders and travellers.

Winnipeg Now

Portage and Main is still an important intersection and is home to some of Winnipeg’s tallest buildings. However, pedestrian traffic flows under the intersection, where there’s an underground mall that provides shelter from the elements.

Montreal Before

This is what Old Montreal used to look like around 1890. In the distance, you can see the familiar dome of Bonsecours Market, which was built between 1844 and 1847.

Montreal Now

The same area in Montreal as it looks now with cafes, bars, and restaurants. That’s the Jacques Cartier Bridge and the Bonsecours Market dome in the distance. Montreal is not only a great city to visit, but it’s also one of the best places in Canada to raise kids.

Toronto Before

Back in 1868, Canada was just a year old and Toronto’s King Street was little more than a dirt boulevard used by the odd horse and buggy.

Toronto Now

King Street today, complete with tall buildings, pavement and the Toronto International Film Festival every September.

Vancouver Before

In this photo, we’re looking down Granville Street towards the North Shore mountains. It was taken in 1954 from the foot of the nearly completed Granville Street Bridge. In the distance, you can see the Vogue Theatre, the Orpheum Theatre and the familiar clock tower of the Vancouver Block.

Vancouver Now

In this photo, we’re high above modern Granville Street, which is now a canyon cutting through dozens of new towers. Still visible in the distance is the neon clock of the Vancouver Block. The Vogue and Orpheum are still down there too. Vancouver is also notable for its mild climate, making it one of the warmest places to retire in Canada.

Halifax Before

This is Halifax as it appeared from Citadel Hill in 1920. Front and centre is the Town Clock, which has been keeping time for the city since the early 1800s.

Halifax Now

And today, well, Halifax is all grown up. Lots of new buildings but the Town Clock is still here, in all its glory. Citadel Hill is now a National Historic Site and along with many nearby beaches, is a must-visit when in Nova Scotia this summer.

Ottawa-Hull Before

This shot of Ottawa-Hull, taken from the Peace Tower, dates back to 1965. You can see the Alexandra Bridge (officially, the Royal Alexandra Interprovincial Bridge) and the Library of Parliament in the foreground. Also visible is a logging operation along the shore of the Ottawa River.

Ottawa-Hull Now

Today, the scene is surprisingly similar. The Alexandra Bridge and Library of Parliament are still prominent. But over on the Quebec side of the river, you’ll notice the addition of many new buildings and the large smokestack is gone.


Special thanks to © Getty Images & © Library and Archives Canada for the images.

Facts about Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia is beautiful little province facing the Atlantic ocean. It has a lot of interesting history and has seen rapid growth over the years with a lot of people flocking to its capital Halifax.

Here are 18 very cool facts about Nova Scotia.

1. Halifax was established as the capital of Nova Scotia by the British Empire.

2. It was first settled by the French in 1605.

3. The people of Nova Scotia have a nickname: Bluenosers. It was originally given to the British troops based out of Nova Scotia.

4. The official language of Nova Scotia is English.

5. The province has an economic value of about 43 billion dollar. This is based on the provinces’ GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The province’s total economic output.

6. Nova Scotia is in the Atlantic Standard Time Zone. So it is 1 hour ahead of Ontario.

7. The capital of the province is Halifax, also the largest city.

8. Nova Scotia is one of the 4 provinces that make up “Atlantic Canada”.

9. The province’s official motto is: One defends and the other conquers.

10. It is the 2nd smallest province in Canada behind Prince Edward Island.

11. The province has a population of just over 960,000.

12. There is a very strong connection between Nova Scotia and Scotland. The name “Nova Scotia” actually means “New Scotland” in Latin. Their flags share the same colours of blue and white, and an X.

13. Even though the flag has been used for over 150 years, it became official recently in 2013. Nobody thought to make it official.

14. You cannot go more than 60 KM without seeing a body of water.

15. Even though the province has long cold winters, Nova Scotia enjoys all four seasons: winter, summer, spring and fall.

16. Even though its current headquarters are located in Toronto, The Bank of Nova Scotia – commonly known as “Scotiabank” was founded in Nova Scotia. It is the 3rd largest bank in Canada.

17. Nova Scotia is home to the FIRST ever The first IKEA store in Canada to be opened in Halifax – 1977.

18. The province has 100 provincial parks, and about 2 national parks.

Amazing and Interesting Facts About Ontario

When some foreigners think of Canada, they think of Ontario. Every province is important to Canada, but Ontario is the most important province in Canada by far. It has the biggest population and economy among all the provinces and territories. Ontario is where the capital city of Canada is located and also where the biggest city is located.

There are hundreds of facts but here are 15 Facts About Ontario

1. Ontario is Canada’s heartbeat. It is home to Capital city of Canada, Ottawa.

2. Ontario is home to the largest city in Canada, Toronto.

3. Speaking of Toronto, it is the capital city of the province of Ontario.

4. Ontario is the most populous province in Canada, with a population of over 13.4 million people. That is more people than several countries, such as Serbia and the Dominican Republic just to name a few.

5. Ontario is the second largest province in Canada after Quebec. It is bigger than both France and Spain combined.

6. Ontario is by far the richest province in Canada, with a GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of over 760 billion dollars.

7. Ontario’s neighbours are Quebec, Manitoba, US States of New York, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania. The Hudson Bay and James Bay to the North.

8. Ontario’s population is due to a high volume of immigrants from other countries. It receives and welcome more immigrants than any other province.

9. Thus, Ontario is the most ethnically diverse province in Canada.

10. The province of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick are the first provinces to make up the Canadian confederation in July 1, 1867.

11. Ontario’s official motto is: Loyal she began, loyal she remains

12. In Huron language, Ontario means “Great Lake”. So Ontario is named after Lake Ontario.

13. Speaking of Lake Ontario, it is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. (Width: 85 km/
Length: 310.6 km)

14. Ontario is the land of lakes. Most of Canada’s lakes are in Ontario, with over 250,000 lakes.

15. Ontario shares the natural wonder and majestic “Niagara Falls” with the US State of New York.

16 Facts About Saskatchewan

Nicknamed “the land of living Skies”, Saskatchewan is a Canadian province with a huge land mass, and a small population. It is a unique land of mustard, rivers, and farmland. Despite the small population, they have a strong economy where the average annual income is around $70,000 a year and a strong education system. If you love nature, peace and quiet… hard work, and good money, then Saskatchewan awaits.

1. Saskatchewan used to be one with the Northwest Territories and Alberta once upon a time.

2. It officially joined the Canadian confederation on September 1, 1905.

3. English is the most spoken language in the province and is the official language. Another language worth mentioning is Cree , which is spoken by many First Nations of Saskatchewan.

4. Saskatchewan is a Canadian prairie province that is located between Manitoba and Alberta, with the Northwest Territories in the north. It is also bordered by the United States to the south.

5. It is a big province with a small population of 1,190,657, making it the 6th most populated province in Canada.

6. The capital city of Saskatchewan is Regina which has a population of around 225,000 people.

7. But the largest city in the entire province is called Saskatoon, with an estimated population of 256,000 people.

8. Canada’s first ATM Machines were used in Saskatchewan.

9. Saskatchewan has an official motto: “Strength from Many Peoples”.

10. The province of Saskatchewan is the only province in Canada without a natural border.

11. Much like the rest of Canada, the province has a lot of lakes, at least 100,000 of them.

12. Speaking of lakes, about 10% of the lakes in the province is fresh water.

13. The province gets more Sunshine than any other province in Canada.

14. Most of Canada’s mustard comes from Saskatchewan, around 75%.

15. The official flower is the Western Lily, a protected species.

16. Saskatchewan is the training grounds of Canada’s federal police; the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).

Responsibilities of All Canadian Citizens

We posted an article about the rights of Canadian Citizens, and now it is only right that we also post responsibilities as a Canadian Citizen. Every Canadian has certain responsibilities, some you must abide and some are mandatory.

You Must Obey the Law

This one is self explanatory – no one is above the law. Not the prime minister, not the politicians, not the MPs, not the government or its agencies, not the Supreme Court, not the police or the Army. Absolutely NO ONE is above the law. The rule of law was made clear by our founders. This also applies to visitors on Canadian soil.

You Must Vote

Voting in elections is not only a right but it is a responsibility as a Canadian Citizen. It is what makes our nation a democracy.

To Defend, and Protect Our Environment & Heritage

It is the responsibility of every Canadian to defend and protect Canada’s cultural, natural and architectural heritage. Protect Canada now and for our kids and grand kids and so on. Do not pollute the environment, and avoid waste.

You Are Responsible For Yourself And Your Family

This is an important Canadian value. Every Canadian is encouraged to get a job and contribute to the Canadian society. Work is also very important for a person’s self-respect and dignity.

You Must Help Others in the Community

Always help the needy whenever possible without expecting anything in return in any form. Canadians are admired for their generosity and kindness across the globe. This act of kindness starts here at home in our own communities.

Jury Duties: serving when called upon is your duty and responsibility as a Canadian. You are legally required by law to do so. Impartial juries made up of citizens always works better and make the justice system work better for all.


What do you think? Should these be amended? Let us know in the comments below.

20 Human Rights That Make Canada Special

Many Canadians do not know exactly what their rights are, which is really surprising to us. Now you will know! These 20 rights highlight the many reasons why Canada is such a champion for human rights and democracy and why Canada attracts people from all over the world who want to come and live here. Many of these rights are found in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms of 1982. This is a long article so sit or lay down comfortably and enjoy!

** Note: some of these rights below may differ slightly depending on the province.

20 Human Rights That Make Canada Special

The right to vote

In 1867, it was left up to the provinces to determine who had the right to vote in Canada, typically “male British subjects who were at least 21 years old who had a property qualification.” Women could not vote federally until World War I and only gained the provincial vote in all provinces in 1940. First Nations people were finally granted the right to vote in federal elections without losing their treaty status in 1960.

The freedom of expression

In Canada, everyone has the “freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication,” as outlined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms of 1982. Not all countries enjoy such freedoms.

The freedom of religion

In Canada, freedom of religion is defined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms of 1982 as “the right to entertain such religious beliefs as a person chooses, the right to declare religious beliefs openly and without fear of hindrance or reprisal, and the right to manifest religious belief by worship and practice or by teaching and dissemination.”

The freedom of peaceful assembly

As Canadians, we have the right to “participate in peaceful demonstrations, protests, parades, meetings, picketing, and other assemblies,” according to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms of 1982. We are free to voice our opposition to the government without fear of persecution.

Equality rights

Under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms of 1982, everyone in Canada is “equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age, or mental or physical disability.”

The right to an abortion

“In 1988, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that women have the right to make choices concerning their own reproductive health. I am proud to have played such a pivotal role in that decision,” said Dr. Henry Morgentaler, who, along with his colleagues, helped overturn Canada’s anti-abortion law with the famous case of R v. Morgentaler.

The right to drive

In Canada, if you have a valid driver’s licence issued by the government of your province or territory, then you may operate a motor vehicle.

Language rights

The Official Languages Act came into effect in 1969, making English and French the official languages of Canada and granting citizens the right to access services in either official language from the federal Government of Canada and its institutions on request. A new Official Languages Act replaced the old one in 1988 to promote the rights of linguistic minorities.

Legal rights

Canadians have legal rights as outlined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms of 1982. You cannot be searched and seized without reason or arbitrarily detained or imprisoned. If you are arrested, you must be promptly informed why, you have the right to counsel without delay, and the right to be released if the detention is not deemed lawful.

The right to access the internet

In 2016, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) declared that broadband internet access is a basic telecommunications service that is necessary for Canadians’ quality of life. This historic decision came with a commitment by the CRTC to provide all Canadians—even those living in rural and First Nations communities—with access to reliable, world-class mobile and fixed internet services, with an unlimited data option.

Privacy rights

Canada has two federal privacy laws: the Privacy Act of 1983, which applies to personal information gathered by the federal government, and the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act, which came into effect between 2001 and 2004 and covers the private sector.

Mobility rights

As citizens, Canadians have the right to enter, remain in, and leave Canada, as outlined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms of 1982. You can also live and work in any province or territory of your choosing.

The right to be tried within a reasonable time

The highest court in the land… the Supreme Court of Canada has mandated the following; Provincial cases have 18 months, extension to 30 possible if there is a preliminary inquiry. Superior court cases have 30 months to be completed.

The right to marry who you love

In Canada, same-sex marriage was legalized in 2005, giving Canadians the right to marry who they love, regardless of gender. Canada was the fourth country to allow same-sex marriages, after the Netherlands (2000), Belgium (2003), and Spain (2005).

In some countries, however, same-sex relations are still illegal and are even punishable by death in Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Brunei, Mauritania, Sudan as well as in parts of Nigeria and Somalia.

The right to be non-binary

In 2017, Canada introduced a new gender X option for Canadian passports, citizenship certificates, and permanent resident cards, joining other countries such as Australia, Denmark, Germany, Malta, New Zealand, and Pakistan. In 2017, Canada also officially recognized that trans rights are human rights with the passage of Bill C-16.

Air passenger rights

The rules target tarmac delays, flight cancellations, overbooking, lost or damaged baggage, and other issues affecting passengers that are within the airline’s control.

The right to health care

Canada’s government-funded universal health insurance program came into being between 1957 and 1984, when the Canada Health Act was passed, ensuring “all Canadian residents have reasonable access to medically necessary hospital and physician services without paying out-of-pocket.”

The right to a social safety net

Canadians have access to a pension, income assistance, and disability benefits from the government. Canada’s welfare state came into being during the Second World War.

The right to an interpreter

If you do not understand or speak the language in which legal proceedings are conducted or if you are deaf, you have the right to an interpreter free of charge. You may also bring or request a sign or language interpreter to help you vote if you require assistance.

The right to housing

In June of 2019, the Canadian government formally recognized that safe, secure, and adequate housing is a fundamental human right with the passing of Bill C-97, which includes the National Housing Strategy Act. Despite this act though, over 230,000 people are homeless across the country.


By Erin Daley