In an effort to make sure the most important facts are not lost in a plethora of facts regarding Canada, in this particular article, we will be focusing on only the MAIN and most important facts about Canada.
1. Canada was established as a country on July 1, 1867
On that fateful day, Canada was born, gaining independence from Great Britain. To this year in 2018, on July 1, Canada will be turning 151 years old. In comparison to other countries, Canada is still a young country, but full of history. In the picture above, it was the day of the Proclamation of Confederation in Kingston, Ontario.
2. The First Prime Minister of Canada is John A. Macdonald
We would be remiss if we did not include the great John A. Macdonald. He was Canada’s first leader, guiding a baby young nation during very uncertain times. Times when Canada’s total population was less than 2 million. A very different time indeed. He was born: January 11/1815.
3. Canada’s current population is roughly around 37 million
Huge nation, the second largest country in the world, but a small population. But Canada’s population has made tremendous progress over the many decades since it’s founding in 1867. Then Canada had a population of fewer than 2 million people.
4. The capital city of Canada is Ottawa.
Due to Toronto being the largest city in Canada and the country’s economic hub, a lot of people from abroad often think that Toronto is the capital city of Canada. This is true my foreign friends… the capital city of Canada is Ottawa. It is the seat of Parliament and the federal government. The city of Ottawa is home to over 900,000 people and is also home to the nation’s museums and institutions, foreign embassy’s, and much much more. So, once again, the capital city of Canada is Ottawa!
5. Canada has two official languages: English and French.
Canada is one of the few countries in the western world that has more than one language as “official”. Most first nation countries only have 1 official language. So this one fact alone makes Canada unique, among many other facts.
6. A Mari Usque Ad Mare (From sea to see) is Canada’s Motto
Canada’s Motto is Latin, translated as “from sea to see”. Inspired by the bible verse “He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth” from the book of Psalm 72:8. Canada has rivers and lakes as far as the eye can see, more lakes than any nation in the world, so we think this Motto properly reflects Canada.
7. Canada is the second largest country in the world.
Canada is big, so big and vast that it has 6 different time zones. It’s bigger than the European Union, and for this reason, it is actually more expensive to travel within Canada than it is to travel in the European Union (EU). The only country larger than Canada is Russia.
8. Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories
The 10 provinces and 3 territories are responsible for Canada’s 6 time zones. Each province is unique and has its own government that governs its province, and thus every Canadian province can qualify as individual countries. Each province has its own laws, rules, ideas, and uniqueness. A big beautiful, and diverse country.
9. O Canada is the National Anthem
The National Anthem of Canada is Written by Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier in 1880. It officially became the Nation’s anthem in 1980, well over 80 years after it was originally written. It ranks among other anthems as one of the most beautiful national anthems in the world. Written to represent both English and French.
10. Toronto is the largest city in Canada
Toronto is massive, an iconic city and one of the most recognized cities in the world. It is Canada’s financial and economic hub, home to the Toronto Stock Exchange. It is very ethnically diverse, with a population of over 2.7 million people from all over the world. It has many nicknames, the most recognized being: “T.O, T-DOT and The ) Six”.
11. Elizabeth II is also the Queen of Canada
Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of the United Kingdom and many other former Britain countries such as Canada. Although she is Canada’s “head of state”, she is only a figurehead and does NOT run/operate the country or dedicate policy. Canada is 100% a sovereign nation and does not need nor ask the Queen for permission on any internal or external affairs. She is viewed by most normal Canadians as the Queen of England. In short… she is only Queen on paper.
12. Canada’s currency is the Canadian Dollar (CAD)
Canada has its own currency – the Canadian dollar, which is one of the most powerful and recognized currencies in the world. Slightly worth more than the Australian Dollar (AUD), and a bit less than the American Dollar (USD). All the banknotes are printed and put forth in circulation by the nation’s central bank – The Bank of Canada. The CAD is also used and accepted in the French territory of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.