Canada Weather Facts

canada winter snow

For all of Canada's greatness... unfortunately, it is one of the coldest countries in the world. However, not all of Canada is cold year-round, Canada has 4 seasons: Winter, Spring, Summer and Fall. But winter is the longest season of the year, and it gets really cold with several snowstorms. Most of Canada’s over 37 million population live near the US border. The mildest region in Canada is southern British Columbia, with the best weather year-round (but British Columbia gets lots of rain, the most in Canada).


  • 1. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was during 1947. It was recorded as -62.8 °C (-81°F) in Snag, Yukon. Another thing is Canada's proximity to the Great Lakes (Erie, Huron, Ontario & Superior). These bodies of water have a cooling effect on the overall temperature of the country.
  • 2. Our weather can be affected by El Niño and La Niña patterns that occur every 3+ years. El Niño causes warmer wetter conditions (great for West Coast), and La Niña causes colder drier conditions (great for East Coast).
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  • 3. What type of weather does Canada have? Is Canada cold all year? These are questions only Canadians can answer. (Just kidding, but seriously, Canadians are very aware of their own climate and temperature.) And while some people think that the climate in more than half of the country may be "cold" year-round...: this is not true. Although it can get pretty darn cold during the winter months... the Great White North (Canada) offers four seasons: Winter, Spring, Summer and Fall.
  • 4. When you are in the southern part of Canada, the climate is warmer & more humid (it is warmest July/August).
  • 5. Canada on average, experiences up to 250 days of sunlight a year. Seasons in Canada are more pronounced than in other parts of the world.
  • 6. Why is the weather so cold in Canada during the winter? (Short & sweet answer): The main reason that it is so cold in some parts of Canada is because of the North American continent sitting right close to the North Pole.
  • 7. Canada’s capital city, Ottawa is the third coldest capital city in the world.
  • 8. There are 4 different climate regions in Canada: Arctic Tundra, Sub-Arctic, Temperate and Humid Continental. So basically, no matter where you live in this country... you will find something you like!