The Bank of Canada is one of the most important institutions in Canada, click on the image above to learn more.
The beautiful and historic city of St. John's is the capital city of Newfoundland and Labrador. There are a lot of people that live in the city, and the population is just over 100,000. St. John's was first established as a town in 1699 when York Governor Richard Whitbourne built a fort on 18 hectares of land in the Avalon Peninsula's Great Bay (today, it would be called "Avalon".) In 1834, St. John's and surrounding area were incorporated as a City.
These appear as questions and answers, but you will learn a lot of interesting facts about St. John's.
- 1. What are some important features of St. John's?
There are many things that make St. John's unique, but one of the things that really stand out are the colourful houses by the ocean shores! Other features are the scenery and the surrounding mountains. It is also a fishing town, where fish can easily be caught from its surrounding waters.
- 2. What is the history of St. John's?
In 1620, a group of people from Bristol made their way to Newfoundland. This group of people included Sir George Calvert (who was a member of the House of Commons), and his son Cecil and they were looking for new land to help the Virginia Company expand its operations. They decided on Newfoundland because it had not been settled much, and there was a lot of fresh water that came from melted Newfoundland glaciers. However, during this time period, Newfoundland was owned by the King and Queen in England, so in 1621 they granted Calvert land that stretched from Cape Breton Island to St. John's Island. Then, in 1625 Calvert named his new colony Avalon.
- 3. What kinds of things can you do in St. John's?
There are many things to do in this beautiful historic city. There is a place called Signal Hill on the west side of St. John's, and looking at the view from this hill will make you feel like you are on top of the world! There is a restaurant located here called "The Cabot Tower", which has amazing food and great views to go with it. You should definitely check this place out! Another thing that you can do is visit Museum Volkenkunde, which has exhibits from the Inuit tribe that used to live in Newfoundland thousands of years ago.
- 4. What is the economy like in St. John's?
St. John's is a major fishing town, so it has a large fishing industry. The climate in Newfoundland is cold, and there are plenty of fish that can be caught from the surrounding waters, so the fishing in St. John's contributes greatly to its economy.
- 5. What universities and colleges are in St. John's?
St. John's is home to Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador, which has one of the largest campuses out of all the universities in Canada. It is located on the side of Signal Hill in St. John's, overlooking beautiful views and houses the Marine Institute here as well. Also located in St. John's is College of the North Atlantic-Avalon Campus which is home to Newfoundland and Labrador's largest trades school.