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Calgary is the 4th largest city in Canada and has a population of over 1.2 million people. It is located in the province of Alberta, just east of the Rocky Mountains and is the main industrial and trade center for Western Canada, with many pipelines to the American Pacific coast passing through it. Calgary's economy is primarily based on oil refining and export, manufacturing, natural gas production for pipelines, and the high-tech industry. They have one of the largest concentrations of head offices in Canada.
15 Facts About Calgary
- 1. Calgary was founded in 1875 by the Northwest Mounted Police as a fort and was originally named Fort Brisebois, which was changed in 1876 to Fort Calgary after Rene-Robert Cavalier, Sieur de La Salle's exploratory fur trading expedition to the area in 1787. The name derived from "kald"=cold and "hjolp"=help indicating it is a place where people can get help in times of trouble, also from the Siksika language meaning "Running Nose".
- 2. When the city was founded it had a population of 34 people.
- 3. Calgary was incorporated as a city in 1884 when it had an estimated population of 75 people.
- 4. Calgary's first mayor, George Murdoch, was elected in 1885. But he only lasted 6 months before he was replaced by Patrick Burns because Murdoch refused to swear at the necessary meetings.
- 5. The Calgary Stampede, which began in 1912, is one of the world's richest rodeo events and is held every year during the last week of July or first week of August on Stampede grounds just east of downtown Calgary.
- 6. The Calgary Tower was built in 1968 and rises 190 m (623 ft). It is the city's most iconic landmark and is located at Centre Street and 1st Street SW. There are 5 levels, with a restaurant on the top level.
- 7. The Calgary Tower is a member of the World Federation of Great Towers.
- 8. The Horizontal Plaza at the base of the Calgary Tower was one of the first public plazas in North America, it was designed by Charles Wright and Associates.
- 9. Every winter there is an ice castle in the shape of a castle that is built around a large pond in Stu Nahan Park (near Olympic Plaza).
- 10. Stu Nahan Park was dedicated to Stu Nahan, who was the main sports announcer for the Calgary Flames' first season.
- 11. The Stampede Grandstands are located in Stampede Park and are covered in canvas, they were built in 1923 and have a capacity of 10,000 people. They are used for rodeo competitions, the chuckwagon races and concerts.
- 12. In 1912 a group of Calgary businessmen formed the Calgary Curling Club with 6 curling sheets; it had 500 members during its first year. By 1914 it had grown to 1100 members and today it has 9 sheets and approximately 7000 members. It is located at Crowchild Trail NW at Country Hills Boulevard NW.
- 13. Calgary is home to some of the largest companies in Canada, including Canadian Pacific Railway, Shell Canada, Imperial Oil, Suncor Energy Inc., Nexen Inc. and EnCana Corporation.
- 14. The stockyards are located east of downtown Calgary along the CPR mainline between 11th Avenue SE and 16th Avenue SE; it was established in 1883 and is still in operation today. It is a major distribution point for live cattle to feedlots across Alberta.
- 15. The first electric street car began operations in Calgary in 1891 with the first line being from the Fifth Avenue Hotel (between 1st Street SW and 2nd Street SW) south to the Stampede Grounds, a distance of 3 miles (4.8 km).