Newfoundland & Labrador Facts


Newfoundland and Labrador is a Canadian province located in the region of Atlantic Canada. The province is one of the four Maritime provinces and is bordered by Quebec's Gasp├ęsie and Notre-Dame Mountains, and Nova Scotia. Newfoundland and Labrador have a population of 537,890 (2011 Census) representing about 3% of Canada's total population. One thing to note about Newfoundland and Labrador is that it was Britain's first overseas colony in North America; while it had considerably more autonomy than colonies such as New England after 1731, it was never formally colonized by British authorities. This ties into the history portion: The history dates back to 1500s when Portuguese explorer John Cabot mapped out the island now known as Newfoundland.

12 Interesting Facts About Newfoundland and Labrador

  • 1. Newfoundland and Labrador joined Canada in 1949, it is the most recent province to join Canada's Confederation.
  • 2. It is the most easterly of all provinces of Canada, the next closest province being Prince Edward Island.
  • 3. The province is situated in the east-central area of Canada; this can be inferred by its name, as it is located near both Quebec (originally Nouvelle-France) and New Brunswick.
  • 4. The capital city of Newfoundland and Labrador is St. John's with a population of approximately 100,000 (2013).
  • 5. St. John's is the oldest incorporated city in Canada; the first recorded log house built in 1610.
  • 6. The largest city is St. John's with a population of approximately 100,000 (2013) and its metropolitan area has an estimated population of 200,000 (2013). In contrast to larger cities, St. John's tends to be very spread out due to its small core and larger suburbs; this is a contrast to most large cities that have large cores and small suburbs due to their compact nature. This can be seen on maps where even the downtown core doesn't become as concentrated as other large cities like Toronto.
  • 7. Most Newfoundlanders and Labradorians are English-speaking.
  • 8. Newfoundland and Labrador is known for its significant ties to fisheries. The province has one of the largest fishing industries in Canada with major industrial fishing occurring on the Grand Banks and more than half of Canada's total catch being transported through Newfoundland and Labrador waters. The province also supplies half of Canada's fish supply, is the largest exporter of iron ore and has significant mineral deposits.
  • 9. Tourism is another major contributor to Newfoundland and Labrador's economy; while St John's is a major tourism centre, many tourists flock to other areas such as Gros Morne National Park, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, for natural beauty and hiking trails.
  • 10. Famous dishes are the traditional fish and brewis, the pea meal bacon sandwich and the bannock.
  • 11. During the early years of colonization, Britain made treaties with the Vikings (Danish) to protect them from other European countries; this helped secure a large population for Newfoundland as many Vikings settled in Newfoundland after failing to replicate their successes in Vinland (North America). Before 1713 there was no official British authority over Newfoundland, even though Britain controlled it during the early period of colonization.
  • 12. The best beaches in Newfoundland and Labrador are located around the Avalon Peninsula.