Nova Scotia Facts

nova scotia

Nova Scotia is a Canadian province that is located on the east coast of Canada. It borders New Brunswick and has sea borders with the United States at Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts. The capital of Nova Scotia is Halifax which hosts 300,000 people. The economy is based on natural resources as well as manufacturing and fishing. Nova Scotia has one of the most diverse economies in North America with 9% being made up by its fishing industry. The manufacturing industry consists of many heavy manufacturers such as steel production plants, shipbuilding plants, aluminum smelters and fabricators which contribute 5% to the provincial GDP.


  • 1. Nova Scotia joined Canada in 1867.
  • 2. Most of the population speak English.
  • 3. The Mi'kmaq Nation settled on the shores of Nova Scotia as early as 8000 BC. The Mi'kmaq's name for Nova Scotia was "Goooodthleh" meaning "place where eels are found".
  • 4. The Mi'kmaq had inhabited Nova Scotia for ages before Europeans discovered it and lived peacefully with the First Nations people that lived in the area.
  • 5. John Cabot was the first European to discover Nova Scotia on his voyage to Newfoundland in 1497.
  • 6. Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of Canada and therefore the Queen of Nova Scotia.
  • 7. The province itself is named after its capital city, Halifax which was named after Lord Halifax who was a member of George III's cabinet during the American Revolution.
  • 8. Halifax was founded in 1749 as a military settlement. It was destroyed by two fires.
  • 9. Nova Scotia's provincial flower is the Mayflower. It is also found in Massachusetts and New York.
  • 10. Nova Scotia was the first colony to have its own flag which was adopted on May 21, 1865 with an alternate seal on it that is still used today in Canada.
  • 11. Nova Scotia is famous for its seafood. It has a history of lobster fishing and is a major exporter of lobster in Canada.
  • 12. The weather in Nova Scotia is relatively mild compared to other provinces in Canada as its climate consists of warm summers and cold winters. July is usually the warmest month where temperatures can reach an average high of 19 degrees Celsius while January is usually the coldest month where temperatures can reach a low -20 degrees Celsius on average.
  • 13. Acadia is a region that was located around Nova Scotia consisting of parts of New Brunswick, Maine, Quebec, and as far south as Maine as well as Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton Island which are now part of Nova Scotia.
  • 14. Acadia University is the best university in Nova Scotia, it is located in located in Wolfville.
  • 15. Famous tourist attractions include Peggy's Cove (a village famous for its rocky shores) , Taylor Head Provincial Park, Blomidon Provincial Park, and Hubbards Pond.