Quebec Facts

quebec

Quebec is a Canadian province east of Ontario, referred to as "La Belle Province" ("The Beautiful Province"). It adjoins the Gulf of St. Lawrence River, with numerous rivers and lakes forming the northern border. The two main seaports are Montreal and Quebec City. The capital Quebec City is situated on river Saint-Laurent (St. Lawrence River). Quebec is the largest province in Canada in landmass. It ranks second in population to Ontario with an estimated 8.4 million people.


  • 1. Quebec's largest city is Montreal, the second largest city is Quebec City and the third largest of the major cities is Laval.
  • 2. In 2016, Quebec's gross domestic product was at $288 billion; between 2005 and 2011, the economy grew by an average of 3.7% per year. For the same period, its GDP per capita rose from $22,300 to $27,500.
  • 3. Quebec is one of Canada's wealthiest provinces in terms of its GDP per capita due to its low tax rates as compared to Ontario's which are comparatively higher than Quebec's and has enabled it to attract more companies to set up their head offices in Montreal or Quebec City or Laval from all over Canada and from overseas locations.
  • 4. The best universities in Quebec are McGill University and Université de Montréal which are the two top universities in Canada in Medical Research.
  • 5. The second largest city of Quebec, Laval has over 400,000 people and is a popular tourist destination with an average yearly temperature of 18 degrees Celsius. It is also a favourite location for young families because of its excellent public schools and affordable housing costs.
  • 6. In terms of legal holidays allotted to its employees, Quebec is the narrow leader at 10 days per year while Ontario is at 9 days per year with the national average being 8 days per year legally holidays but not including statutory holidays such as New Year's Day, Boxing Day (December 26), Good Friday and Victoria Day (last Monday before May 25).
  • 7. Quebec's primary exports are aluminium, forestry products, agricultural products and transportation equipment. Its major imports comprise of consumer goods and capital goods
  • 8. Quebec has the lowest percentage of jobless (5.6%) as compared to Canada (7.3%) and Ontario (6%).
  • 9. The most popular dishes in Quebec are poutine, tourtière, and pea soup.
  • 10. The province of Quebec is made up of regions namely Bas-Saint-Laurent, Laurentides, Estrie, Montérégie (Greater Montreal), Mauricie (Greater Trois Rivières) and Outaouais.
  • 11. The official languages in Quebec are French and English with many other languages spoken in certain regions of the province like Italian and Spanish. The most widely spoken language in Quebec is French with 81% of the population using it as their first language; the second most widely spoken language in Quebec is English which has 18% of the population using it as their first language.
  • 12. The most popular pro sports team in Quebec is the Montreal Canadiens on ice hockey (of National Hockey League). Other popular sports played in Quebec are basketball, curling, horse racing, baseball and soccer.
  • 13. Quebec is one of the most religious provinces in Canada with over 70% of its population practicing some form of religion and about 90% of those are Catholics with less than 10% practicing other forms of religions like Judaism and Islam; the rest practice no religion at all. The province has three dioceses: Archdiocese of Quebec, Diocese of Chicoutimi, Diocese of Saguenay as well as a number of suffragan dioceses in Bas-Saint-Laurent-Gaspésie, Joliette and Rimouski.
  • 14. The most famous tourist attractions in the province of Quebec are Mont-Sainte-Anne, Mont Orford, Mont Royal and Terrasse Dufferin.
  • montsainte-anne
  • 15. The provincial flag is known as the Fleurdelisé which was created in 1948 at the time of the 50th anniversary of Canadian Confederation and was officially adopted on February 15, 1948 by then Premier of Quebec Maurice Duplessis.
  • 16. Québec's main political parties are Parti Québécois (PQ) and Quebec Liberal Party (PLQ).
  • 17. Quebec has 850 distinct waterfalls throughout the province and its highest waterfall is located in Montmorency Falls Park, which is 100 meters high and 20 meters wide at its base.